Models for Program Improvement
Strategies and frameworks that provide a comprehensive approach to program improvement and may include sample forms, workshop outlines, tools and other resources.

Strategies and Frameworks for Managing Program Improvement

An EFF Handbook for Program Improvement: using the Equipped for the Future approach to quality
National Institute for Literacy (NIFL) and National Urban League. 2004.
Equipped for the Future (EFF) is a standards-based approach to reform in the adult literacy education system. This handbook is designed to help community-based organizations that provide adult education improve their program quality. The handbook identifies four phases of program improvement and includes tools and other resources to support the process.

NALA Evolving Quality Framework User Guide
National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA). 2002.
The Quality Framework was developed by the National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA) based in Dublin, Ireland. NALA is a membership organization made up of learners, tutors, adult literacy organizers and people interested in ABE. The Quality Framework was developed in response to members' interest in improving quality in ABE.

How are we doing?: an inquiry guide for adult education programs
National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL). 2001.
This inquiry guide was developed as part of a larger project of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) that examined outcomes of adult literacy programs. The process guides program staff through activities that involve them in identifying and clarifying program goals, examining current documentation processes, addressing the challenges of performance accountability and documenting outcomes at the program level.

Results that Matter: An Approach to Program Quality Using Equipped for the Future
National Institute for Literacy (NIFL). 2001.
Equipped for the Future (EFF) is a standards-based approach to reform in the adult literacy education system. This highly rated resource connects research and theory to program practices and outcomes.

Baldrige National Quality Program
Baldrige National Quality Program. 2000.
The Baldrige National Quality Program includes Criteria for Performance Excellence in Business, Health Care and Education. The E-Baldrige Organizational Profile, Getting Started booklet, and Education Criteria for Performance Excellence are located at

Staff Development as Program Improvement

Practitioner Research as Staff Development: A Facilitator's Guide
Virginia Adult Learning Resource Center. 2003.
This guide offers activities, guidelines and resources for those interested in using inquiry groups and research methods in their program improvement efforts. The process is organized into four sections: Coming Up With A Research Question, Collecting Research Data, Analyzing Research Data, and Making Our Research Knowledge Public, and provides basic materials needed to implement practitioner research into staff development programs.

Coaching: A Strategy for Developing Instructional Capacity
The Aspen Institute Program on Education and The Annenberg Institute for School Reform. 2003.
Coaching is presented as a strategy that increases the instructional capacity of schools and teachers, thereby holding great promise for program improvement.  The emphasis is clearly on K-12 principals and teachers, but the coaching model has potential for adult education and literacy programs with the resources and commitment to support it.

Council for Basic Education. 2001.
This document is a practical guide for educators resulting from the 2000 Wingspread Conference, The Eye of the Storm. The first section highlights three promising practices for improving instruction, including a description of each practice, how it operates in a real school, its key components and sources for more information. The next section includes a summary of the research behind each promising practice. The final section includes four papers commissioned for the conference. Note: Written for K-12, but relevant to adult education.


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